Tips for maintaining your health
What to know
To survive, you need water and food. You must also know how to keep a healthy hygiene!
In general, cleanliness is an important factor in preventing infections and diseases. It is also, if not more, important in a survival situation. Poor hygiene can reduce your chances of survival. A daily shower with hot water and soap is ideal, but you can stay clean without this luxurious comfort.
Use a cloth and soapy water to wash (if you do not have soap on hand, use wood ashes or sand). Pay special attention to the feet, armpits, crotch, hands and also the hair, as they are subject to infestations and infections. If you do not have water, take a bath of air. Take off your clothes and expose your body to sun and air for at least 1 hour a day. Ultraviolet rays destroy bacteria and viruses. Be careful not to get sunburn.
Keep your hands clean
Germs on your hands can infect food and injuries. Wash your hands after handling things that may carry germs, for example, after using the toilet, after healing an injury, before handling food, cooking utensils, or drinking water. Keep your fingers out of your mouth.
Keep your hair clean
Your hair can become a beautiful haven for bacteria, fleas, lice and all other pests. Always keep your hair clean which will avoid these dangers. In a survival situation that can last more than a week, it is advisable to cut your hair short. If you have scissors, rather than a knife, it’s ideal. In addition, keep your hair cut, they will be a source of fuel for later. For men, keep your beard long, it will avoid cracking during cold weather.
Keep your clothes clean
Keep your clothes and blankets (if so) as clean as possible, which will significantly reduce the risk of skin infection and infestation (bacteria, fleas, lice and other pests). Clean your clothes when they are dirty. Wear clean underwear and socks, every day if possible. If you do not have water, use the outside air to clean your clothes either by shaking, aeration and exposure to the sun for 2 hours, again ultraviolet rays destroy bacteria and viruses.
Keep your teeth clean
Thoroughly clean your mouth and teeth with a toothbrush, at least once a day. If you do not have a toothbrush, you can use either a small stick, which you mop the end to separate the fibers or use a clean band of tissue wrapped around your fingers. Carefully rub your teeth to remove food particles. Then rinse your mouth with water, salted if possible or otherwise with tea, based on pine leaves.
Also, if you have dental floss, it will help you to survive in your oral hygiene. Otherwise, use string or wood fibers. If you have a cavity in a tooth, you can use candle, tobacco or aspirin wax to fill the hole (TEMPORARILY). Be sure to wash the cavity thoroughly before filling.
Take care of your feet
To avoid serious foot problems, take a break and take off your shoes from time to time. Wash and massage your feet at least once a day. Wear dry socks and examine your feet for blisters.
If you have blisters on your feet, especially do not open them or die. Keep blisters intact which will prevent infections. Apply a bandage around the bulb, this will help reduce the pressure on it. In case the ampoule is open, treat it as an open wound. Wash the affected area and dress it up properly each day. To avoid an open wound, you can do the following:
- You need a needle and a sewing thread, sterilized;
- Delicately, cross the needle and thread through the bulb (which you have washed well before);
- Remove the needle and allow the sewing thread (protruding from both sides) to absorb the liquid and once absorbed, carefully remove the thread;
- Then apply a dressing on the bulb;
Get enough rest
To stay in shape, you need a good intake of sleep. Keep 10 minutes of rest for each hour in a day. Try to stay comfortable, even in areas that they are not. Maximum comfort will bring you maximum rest and relax you.
Although you can live several weeks without food, you still need to keep yourself healthy. Without food, your mental and physical abilities deteriorate quickly and you will become weak. Your body burns a lot of energy, each day and the diet provides you with that energy. It also brings you vitamins, minerals, salts, etc. who looks after your health and above all, your morale!
The two main sources of food come from plants and animals (including fish). They provide the calories, carbohydrates, fats and daily proteins that the body needs. The body needs about 2,000 calories a day to function at its minimum. Note that an adequate amount of carbohydrates, fat and protein WITHOUT a sufficient amount of calories can lead to starvation (energy will eat the body fat to make up for the shortfall).
This type of food provides you with carbohydrates – the main source of energy. Many plants can also provide enough protein to keep you healthy. Nuts and seeds, for example, will give you enough protein and oils while green vegetables, some of which contain natural sugars, will provide enough calories and carbohydrates to keep your energy. It must be remembered that only eating plants will not bring you a balanced diet.
Meat is much more nutritious than plants and can be made easier by hunting. Of course you have to know how to catch your game. While you are looking for big game, you can always eat insects, crustaceans, molluscs and fish, they can satisfy your hunger in the immediate while laying your traps